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Published in:

Volume 3 Issue 7
July-2016
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR1607012

Page Number

51-56

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Title

Effect of safflower oil bio-diesel on performance and emission characteristics of single cylinder diesel engine

ISSN

2349-5162

Cite This Article

"Effect of safflower oil bio-diesel on performance and emission characteristics of single cylinder diesel engine ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.3, Issue 7, page no.51-56, July-2016, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1607012.pdf

Abstract

Safflower seed oil was chemically treated by the alkaline transesterification reaction in methyl alcohol environment with potassium hydroxide (KOH) to produce biodiesel at JSPM’s charak college of Pharmacy laboratory. The produced biodiesel was blended with diesel fuel by 20% (B20) and 40% (B40) volumetrically. Some of important physical and chemical fuel properties of blend fuels, pure biodiesel and diesel fuel were determined. Performance and emission tests were carried out on a 4 stroke single cylinder diesel engine to compare biodiesel blends with petroleum diesel fuel. The engine used for the purpose of investigation is of variable compression ratio mechanism. Experiments were carried out for different load i.e. at 0kg, 3kg, 6kg and 9kg. The entire test was carried for compression ratio 17:1 and 18:1. Brake thermal efficiency was increased to 14% at 17:1 compression ratio for blend B40 running at full load as compared from pure diesel. Blend B40 shows minimum fuel consumption as compared from blend B20 and B40. On an average CO2 emissions reduced by 48%, NOX emissions reduced by 68% and HC emissions reduced by 60% at all load conditions. It can be concluded that the use of safflower oil biodiesel has beneficial effects both in terms of emission reductions and alternative petroleum diesel fuel.

Key Words

safflower oil methyl ester, compression ratio, transesterification, specific fuel consumption

Cite This Article

"Effect of safflower oil bio-diesel on performance and emission characteristics of single cylinder diesel engine ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.3, Issue 7, page no. pp51-56, July-2016, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1607012.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1607012
Registration ID: 160323
Published In: Volume 3 | Issue 7 | Year July-2016
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 51-56
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Effect of safflower oil bio-diesel on performance and emission characteristics of single cylinder diesel engine ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.3, Issue 7, page no. pp51-56, July-2016, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1607012.pdf




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