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To Enhance the Properties of Fine Sand by Using Soil Stabilization with Ceramic Tiles and Sanitary Ware Wastage for Construction of Embankment

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Soil is the key element of this nature and all the basic needs of life such as food, house and cloths are fulfilled by the soil. Black Cotton soils with high potential for swelling and shrinking as a result of change in moisture content are one of the major soil deposits of India. Soil stabilization is the process which improves the physical properties of soil, such as shear strength, bearing capacity which can be done by use of controlled compaction or addition of suitable admixtures like cement, lime, sand, fly ash or by providing geo textiles, geo synthetics and waste materials etc. This investigation has been taken up by addition of 4.75 mm sieve passed and 2.36 mm sieve retained Ceramic tile and sanitary ware Wastage as admixture. The varying percentage 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of ceramic tile and sanitary ware wastage were mixed with fine sand of different densities 1.50 gm/cc, 1.55 gm/cc and 1.58 gm/cc. All the Direct Shear Tests were conducted at different mix compositions of ceramic tile and sanitary ware wastage and fine sand of different dry densities as arrived from Standard Proctor Test. Falling-Head Permeability Tests were also performed on different mix compositions. On the basis of the experiments performed, it is determined that the stabilization of fine sand using ceramic tile and sanitary ware wastage as admixture improves the strength characteristics of the fine sand so that it becomes usable as construction of embankment also.

Key Words

Ceramic Tiles and Sanitary Ware Wastage, Direct Shear, Fine sand, Permeability.

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"To Enhance the Properties of Fine Sand by Using Soil Stabilization with Ceramic Tiles and Sanitary Ware Wastage for Construction of Embankment ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research ( | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 11, page no. pp239-244, November-2017, Available at : &

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1711045
Registration ID: 170864
Published In: Volume 4 | Issue 11 | Year November-2017
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 239-244
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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(Volume 5 | Issue 1 | January 2018 |Impact factor 5.87)

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