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Comparative Export Performance (CEP) and Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) of Paddy production: with special reference to India

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After the introduction of Green Revolution technologies since 1970s, Indian agriculture was characterized by intensive agriculture practices in certain pockets through an integrated use of HYvs, irrigation, fertilizer, pesticide use and technologies meet the food needs. After, 1980s, the adverse effects of the green revolution technologies were realized and the emphasis was shifted to sustainable land use systems and increasing the efficiency of resources and inputs. It is projected that India needs to produce 115 mt of rice, 225 mt of food- grains and agriculture GDP growth 4 per cent by the Year 2020 to maintain the resent level of self-sufficiency. The future increase in rice production requires improvement in productivity and efficiency. To maintain national food security there is a need not only to increase rice production but also the efficiency to sustain self sufficiency. The prime objective of the paper is to examine the export competitiveness of paddy production with reference to India and other competing countries. Export competitiveness indices that are used in the context of the study are “Revealed Comparative Advantage Index RCA” and “Comparative Export Performance index CEP”. The export data concern the intra trade between China and both the rival countries and India were obtained from UNCTADSTAT trade data. The data on exports of rice for India and other major exporting countries were collected from UNCTADSTAT. The period under consideration will be divided into two sub periods 1995-2002 and 2003- 2014. India stands first place with 29. 95 percent to the total rice exports to the world market during 2014-15. Thailand occupied second place with 20.61, Viet nam occupied third place with 10.59 percent and Pakistan occupied 4th place with 8.33 percent in the net exports value of rice to the world market. Developing countries compete with developed countries such as the United States and Australia for export markets. Developing countries themselves are not a homogeneous group, with economically powerful China, India, Brazil and Turkey playing a greater role in the market. India has high comparative advantage in the Iran rice market over Pakistan and Thailand. And India has high comparative advantage in the Nigeria rice market over Pakistan and shows a n week advantage against Thailand. Further, India has a very strong comparative advantage over Thailand in Saudi Arabia’s rice market and shows a week comparative advantage over Vietnam is the only country to achieve a high comparative export performance during 1995 to 2006. However, since 2007 onwards it declined continuously and reached to a moderate competitive possession with 0.86 SCEP index value in 2014-15. Altogether, Pakistan gained a commendable comparative competitive advantage in rice trade among 4 major rice exporting countries in the world. Log CEP indicate that Pakistan India and Thailand are in comparative disadvantage position.

Key Words

CEP, RCA, Paddy, Exports and Imports, India

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"Comparative Export Performance (CEP) and Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) of Paddy production: with special reference to India", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research ( | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 2, page no. pp306-313, February-2018, Available at : &

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Published Paper ID: JETIR1802048
Registration ID: 180203
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 2 | Year February-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 306-313
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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(Volume 5 | Issue 2 | February 2018 |Impact factor 5.87)

Call For Paper | Volume 5 | Issue 2 | Impact factor 5.87

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