ISSN: 2349-5162

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Published in:

Volume 5 Issue 4
April-2018
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR1804362

Page Number

816-822

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Title

A Review on Methodological Approaches of Highway Safety Research and Future Directions

ISSN

2349-5162

Cite This Article

"A Review on Methodological Approaches of Highway Safety Research and Future Directions", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 4, page no.816-822, April-2018, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1804362.pdf

Authors

Abstract

The analysis of highway crash data has long been used as a basis for influencing highway and vehicle designs, as well as directing and implementing a wide variety of regulatory policies aimed at improving safety. And, over time there has been a steady improvement in statistical methodologies that have enabled safety researchers to extract more information from crash databases to guide a wide array of safety design and policy improvements. In spite of the progress made over the years, important methodological barriers remain in the statistical analysis of crash data and this, along with the availability of many new data sources, present safety researchers with formidable future challenges, but also exciting future opportunities. This paper provides guidance in defining these challenges and opportunities by first reviewing the evolution of methodological applications and available data in highway accident research. Based on this review, fruitful directions for future methodological developments are identified and the role that new data sources will play in defining these directions is discussed. It is shown that new methodologies that address complex issues relating to unobserved heterogeneity, endogeneity, risk compensation, spatial and temporal correlations, and more, have the potential to significantly expand our understanding of the many factors that affect the likelihood and severity of highway crashes. This in turn can lead to more effective safety counter measures that can substantially reduce highway related injuries and fatalities.

Key Words

Highway Safety, Crash Frequency, Crash Severity, Accident Analysis.

Cite This Article

"A Review on Methodological Approaches of Highway Safety Research and Future Directions", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 4, page no. pp816-822, April-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1804362.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1804362
Registration ID: 182399
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 4 | Year April-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 816-822
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"A Review on Methodological Approaches of Highway Safety Research and Future Directions", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 4, page no. pp816-822, April-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1804362.pdf




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