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Published in:

Volume 5 Issue 12
December-2018
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR1812B78

Page Number

621-632

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Title

Inter-state Variations in Urban Poverty in India: A Composite Analysis

ISSN

2349-5162

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"Inter-state Variations in Urban Poverty in India: A Composite Analysis", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no.621-632, December-2018, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812B78.pdf

Abstract

According to India Urban Poverty Report 2009, India has shared the growth pattern and rapid urbanization with some of the fastest growing regions in Asia. As per the latest NSSO survey reports there are over 80 million poor people living in the cities and towns of India. The Slum population is also increasing and as per the Town and Country Planning Organization (TCPO) estimates 2001, over 61.80 million people were living in slums. The Report also explored that the ratio of urban poverty in some of the larger states is higher than that of rural poverty leading to the phenomenon of `Urbanization of Poverty'. Urban poverty poses the problems of housing and shelter, water, sanitation, health, education, social security and livelihoods along with special needs of vulnerable groups like women, children and aged people. Poor people live in slums which are overcrowded, often polluted and lack basic civic amenities like clean drinking water, sanitation and health facilities. Most of them are involved in informal sector activities where there is constant threat of eviction, removal, confiscation of goods and almost non-existent social security cover. Economic growth is a necessity, but not a sufficient condition for alleviating poverty. Though there is a phenomenal growth of the GDP, the incidence of decline of urban poverty has not accelerated over the years. Urban Poverty is a major challenge for policymakers in our country as the urban population in the country is growing; urban poverty is also on the rise due to various factors. There is an urgent need to develop strategies to develop poverty reduction approaches to attack the multi-dimensional issues of urban poverty. The present paper tries to trace the trends in urban poverty, the state wise incidence of urban poverty and various urban poverty alleviation strategies in India and it is assumed that there is a significant variations registered in the extent of urban poverty in India over the period of time. This paper suggests for measures on Relooking, re-examining and modifying the 74th Amendment which consist of Urban Planning including town planning; Regulation of land use and construction of building; Planning for economic and social development; Roads and bridges; Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes; Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management; Fire services; Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects; ; safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded; Slum improvement and up gradation; Urban poverty alleviation; Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects can help to great extent for sustainable urbanisation in the state.

Key Words

Urban Poverty, Poverty Gap, Poverty Incidence, Human Poverty Index

Cite This Article

"Inter-state Variations in Urban Poverty in India: A Composite Analysis", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp621-632, December-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812B78.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1812B78
Registration ID: 194563
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 12 | Year December-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 621-632
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Inter-state Variations in Urban Poverty in India: A Composite Analysis", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp621-632, December-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812B78.pdf




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