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Published in:

Volume 7 Issue 5
May-2020
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR2005197

Page Number

398-404

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Title

SPATIAL STUDY OF MAHANANDA BASIN IN THE GEO - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

ISSN

2349-5162

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"SPATIAL STUDY OF MAHANANDA BASIN IN THE GEO - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 5, page no.398-404, May-2020, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2005197.pdf

Abstract

Mahananda has been a notable river since the ancient period . At present there are so many literary and archaeological evidence available like in Mahabharata, Acharangsutra, Kalpsutra etc. . It is a tributary of the mighty river Ganga, Mahananda river rises from springs in the Dow Hills forest also known as Mahanadi in the Darjeeling hills originating from the Mahaldiram range Hill near Chimli, east of Kurseong in Darjeeling district at an elevation of 2,100 meters (6,900 ft). Actually Mahanadi and Balasan are the two rivers that meet together to form Mahananda river in the plain of Siliguri sub-division. Actually the Mahananda River is a trans-boundary river which originates in the Himalayas. It flows through the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Bangladesh. Its right bank tributary -- the Mechi River forms part of Nepal's eastern boundary with West Bengal while the Kankai flows out of Nepal. The total length of the Mahananda river is 360 km. out of which 324 km. is in India and 36 km is in Bangladesh. The Mahananda originates and have catchments in Himalayan region, which are not calcareous but rich in acidic minerals. Due to excessive presence of acidic minerals the soils of this zone are non calcareous. The geological formations of the Mahananda river system in the hilly area of Darjeeling district consist of unaltered sedimentary rocks confined to the hills on the north consisting of different grades of metamorphic rocks over the rest of the area. The outcrops of the various rocks form a series of bonds more or less to the general line of the Himalayas, dipping one below the other into the hills. Mahananda river system has a commanding role in regulating overall economy of the catchment area, namely Darjeeling, Uttar Dinajpur and Maldah districts of West Bengal and Kishanganj, Purnia and Katihar districts of Bihar in more than one ways. The most interesting facts about the Mahananda river is that forms in its upper course an important linguistic boundary between the Bengal and the Hindi speaking areas and communities.

Key Words

Key words : Mahananda, Lepcha Jagat, Linguistic, Basin, Soil, Tal, Barind, Mahabharta, Himalayas, catchment, Economy, River

Cite This Article

"SPATIAL STUDY OF MAHANANDA BASIN IN THE GEO - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 5, page no. pp398-404, May-2020, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2005197.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR2005197
Registration ID: 231767
Published In: Volume 7 | Issue 5 | Year May-2020
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.23622
Page No: 398-404
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"SPATIAL STUDY OF MAHANANDA BASIN IN THE GEO - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 5, page no. pp398-404, May-2020, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2005197.pdf




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