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Published in:

Volume 7 Issue 9
September-2020
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR2009057

Page Number

447-453

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Title

Occupational difficulties in agricultural labour and barriers to welfare Programs

ISSN

2349-5162

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"Occupational difficulties in agricultural labour and barriers to welfare Programs", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no.447-453, September-2020, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2009057.pdf

Abstract

Agricultural labor has been a major contributor to the economic development of rural areas in India. The village economy has been agricultural based since the beginning. Unemployment of agricultural laborers is a major problem in rural areas of Bihar including Bhagalpur district. They have to face social, economic, political and administrative hurdles related to government welfare schemes at the local level. Government welfare schemes to remove the poverty and unemployment of agricultural laborers have been becoming continuous since independence. But it does not land properly. Bindu, the center of contemplation of leading leaders of the country, has had problems of agricultural labor from the beginning. There is a long list of occupational difficulties of agricultural laborers and obstacles to welfare programs. The rural area of Bihar, including the Bhagalpur district, is passing through economic transitional dairies. The unemployed agricultural laborers here do not get the opportunity to work every day. Every agricultural laborer in the village does a lot of hard work, but Bhajan is also no luck. Nor does he get the opportunity to work for a whole year. In this way, his future seems bleak. This idea is also true in relation to India today, in the context of poor country, poor king, poor country, propounded in the 18th century by the French philosopher Quasne. As an agrarian country, the economy of India is dependent on farmers, farmers, laborers and advanced practices of agriculture. The profession of an agricultural laborer, ie, a laborer, makes a living by giving his labor in agricultural work. The condition of agricultural existence in India is very low and pathetic. They are very poor and have a very low standard of living. His life is full of poverty, unemployment, torture, oppression and uncertainty. In some places, the condition of agricultural labor is like that of slaves. The main problem of agricultural laborers i.e. their occupational difficulties is that they do not get regular employment throughout the year. They have to face short employment and sometimes even full unemployment. The contract or permanent agricultural majors are specially tied to the landlord, they are provided permanent employment throughout the year but such agricultural laborers are very less.As we are aware that near about 53% population of India is engaged in agricultural activities. But agriculture in India is still at mercy of the monsoon. Here, the condition of the farmers and agricultural labourers depend on the intensity of monsoon. If the monsoon is good then the crop is good and vice-versa. Agriculture labour is counted in the category of unorganized sector, so their income is not fixed. Hence they are living an insecure and underprivileged life and earning just Rs. 150/300 day along with full uncertainty.In terms of employment, the condition of agricultural laborers with casual or temporary employment is particularly bad. There are a large number of such agricultural majors in the country. According to the Agricultural Labor Investigation Committee, casual men get employment for 197 days in a year. for 40 days they do their own work. The remaining 128 days they do not get any work. And they remain unemployed. Similarly, women get only 141 days of agricultural labor. Along with being uneducated and ignorant, agricultural laborers are spread in the remote villages of the country. Due to which they are not able to organize. In the absence of organization, they do not have the ability to sell the land for more wages than the landowners. Due to which they fail to increase their wages and regularize working hours. The practice of forced labor, forced or involuntary wages is practiced in all parts of the country. Due to which conscription of agricultural labor is done. And their cost is also reduced.

Key Words

Agricultural labour,welfare schemes, low standard of living, unemployment, poverty

Cite This Article

"Occupational difficulties in agricultural labour and barriers to welfare Programs", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no. pp447-453, September-2020, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2009057.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR2009057
Registration ID: 300725
Published In: Volume 7 | Issue 9 | Year September-2020
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 447-453
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Occupational difficulties in agricultural labour and barriers to welfare Programs", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no. pp447-453, September-2020, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2009057.pdf




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