JETIREXPLORE- Search Thousands of research papers



Published in:

Volume 8 Issue 2
February-2021
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR2102027

Page Number

248-253

Share This Article


Title

BACTERIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHRONIC SUPPORTIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN.

ISSN

2349-5162

Cite This Article

"BACTERIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHRONIC SUPPORTIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN.", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.8, Issue 2, page no.248-253, February-2021, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2102027.pdf

Abstract

Introduction: Most commonly encountered diseases in otolaryngology is Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM).Even in this era of powerful antibiotics, CSOM still consumes considerable medical expenditure, especially in the poorer sections of the society. The present prospective study was conducted at the DR.S.C.G.M.C Nanded, Maharashtra India towards bacteriological evaluation of chronic suppurative otitis media. The focus was mainly on aerobic bacteria, involved in active CSOM in adults as well as children. An attempt was made, despite resource and man power constraints, to have a glimpse of the current antibiotic sensitivity pattern, with special reference to ciprofloxacin. However, Aim: To see the types of aerobic bacteria involved in CSOM and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Material & Method: Ear swabs were collected from 600 ears. Swabs were received to the hospitals microbiology laboratory for culture and sensitivity tests. Result: Out of 600 cases, 316(52.6%) were female and 284(47.3%) were male. Peak prevalence of otitis media was documented in age group 2-10 years (39.41%). 380 cases were culture positive (63.33%). Among 380 culture positive, 80 cases were polymicrobial (21.05%). The most common Gram–negative bacteria isolated were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae & E.coli followed by Gram–positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus. Percentage of gram negative organisms was 77.39%, higher than for gram positive (GPC) with GPC 22.60%. Gram negative bacteria shows >90% sensitivity to following antibiotics CiprofloxacinImipenem, Meropenem. They are resistance to Amoxiclav, Ampicillin &. Gram positive bacteria shows sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics Clindamycin, erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Amikacin & Linezolid, Vancomycin, Gentamicin. Conclusion: Routine use of topical antibiotics for any case of CSOM as empirical therapy must be reviewed and judicial use of antibiotics is recommended to minimise antibiotic resistance

Key Words

Aerobic bacteria, CSOM, Culture and sensitivity, Ciprofloxacin, Otitis Media

Cite This Article

"BACTERIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHRONIC SUPPORTIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN.", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.8, Issue 2, page no. pp248-253, February-2021, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2102027.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR2102027
Registration ID: 305466
Published In: Volume 8 | Issue 2 | Year February-2021
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 248-253
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

Download Paper

Preview Article

Download Paper




Cite This Article

"BACTERIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHRONIC SUPPORTIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN.", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.8, Issue 2, page no. pp248-253, February-2021, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2102027.pdf




Preview This Article


Downlaod

Click here for Article Preview