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Published in:

Volume 5 Issue 12
December-2018
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIREB06089

Page Number

733-746

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Title

Environmental Impacts of Industrial Development: A study of Baddi-Barotiwala Industrial Area, Himachal Pradesh

ISSN

2349-5162

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"Environmental Impacts of Industrial Development: A study of Baddi-Barotiwala Industrial Area, Himachal Pradesh", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no.733-746, December 2018, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06089.pdf

Abstract

India being a developing nation has various factors that lead to the development of the country. One of the important factors making India the fifth largest economy in terms of GDP is the manufacturing sector. The Gross Value Added from the industrial sector in India grew at a compound annual growth rate of 4.29% between FY12 and FY19 contributing 16% to the overall GDP of the country. The industrial sector is recognized to improve the economic status of the country because of which many initiatives like “Made in India” are taken by the GoI expecting to increase the GDP contribution of industrial sector by 22% meeting the world standard of 30% and creating around a hundred million jobs for the people. Apart from the economic development that is caused by industrialization, it is also considered as one of the major sources of pollution in the world. The waste produced from the industry impacts the environment adversely causing air, water, and soil pollution. In this research, a study is conducted regarding the environmental impacts that industrial areas in India have on the environment focusing on Baddi-Barotiwala, Himachal Pradesh, an the industrial hub of our nation. Baddi is notified as to the third-largest industrial hub of Asia and is ranked 22nd in terms of contribution to the GDP. Baddi consists of world-wide famous industries and companies such as Ranbaxy, Colgate, L’Oreal, Cadbury, and many more, which act as an economic source to a large number of people of the nation. The availability of such factories and export of the products is generating a GDP of ₹1.69 lakh crore (US$24 billion) (2019-20 est.) out of which the contribution of Industry is 42%. But this has also led to a rising issue of increasing externalities on the environment. Bringing into consideration, this industrial belt of Baddi-Barotiwala-Nalagarh has various negative impacts on the environment within and in surrounding areas. Some of the negative impacts include depletion in groundwater level due to heavy extraction of the same, depletion of water quality, increasing diseases amongst residents and workers due to the falling Air Quality Index. This research focuses on analyzing the impact of industrial growth on water quality, air quality, soil quality, and noise.

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"Environmental Impacts of Industrial Development: A study of Baddi-Barotiwala Industrial Area, Himachal Pradesh", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp733-746, December 2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06089.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIREB06089
Registration ID: 233724
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 12 | Year December-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 733-746
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Environmental Impacts of Industrial Development: A study of Baddi-Barotiwala Industrial Area, Himachal Pradesh", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp733-746, December 2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06089.pdf




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