UGC Approved Journal no 63975

ISSN: 2349-5162 | ESTD Year : 2014
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Published in:

Volume 6 Issue 2
February-2019
eISSN: 2349-5162

UGC and ISSN approved 7.95 impact factor UGC Approved Journal no 63975

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Published Paper ID:
JETIRAE06011


Registration ID:
198862

Page Number

53-56

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Title

ICE as Construction Material Using PYKRETE

Abstract

It is the application of ice as a construction material and also has some limitation. Ice Is relatively weak material and shows an extreme creep behavior compared to conventional construction material. Mechanical properties of ice are strongly temperature-dependent and untimely protection is necessary even in coldest area. It has been found that the properties of ice and sea ice can be improved by reinforcement by forming these ice composites. The classification of the various methods of ice reinforcement is presented. In spite of many papers about ice composites have vary limited applications. An overview of all existing construction methods, which involve ice structure, is provided in the paper. At the present time only two types of ice composites such as pykrete, ice reinforcement, have been applied successfully in engineering of structure in various projects. Brief information about these projects are presented. The description of the projects or the ‘Pykrete Dome’ is expanded. The world largest pykrete dome is constructed in Finland. In 2st world war pykrete proposed it as a candidate material as a supersized aircraft carrier. Pykrete features unusual properties, including a relatively slow melting rate due to its low thermal conductivity, as well as a vastly improved strength and toughness compared to ice. These physical properties can make the material comparable to concrete, as long as the material is kept frozen. Pykrete is slightly more difficult to form than concrete, as it expands during the freezing process. However, it can be repaired and maintained using sea water as a raw material. The mixture can be molded into any shape and frozen, and it will be tough and durable, as long as it is kept at or below freezing temperature. Resistance to gradual creep or sagging is improved by lowering the temperature.

Key Words

Ice as construction material, Pykrete, Bunkers for military use, Bullet proof material, Increase melting point, toughness, tensile strength..

Cite This Article

"ICE as Construction Material Using PYKRETE ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.6, Issue 2, page no.53-56, February-2019, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIRAE06011.pdf

ISSN


2349-5162 | Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar

An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator

Cite This Article

"ICE as Construction Material Using PYKRETE ", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.6, Issue 2, page no. pp53-56, February-2019, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIRAE06011.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIRAE06011
Registration ID: 198862
Published In: Volume 6 | Issue 2 | Year February-2019
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 53-56
Country: -, -, - .
Area: Engineering
ISSN Number: 2349-5162


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