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Published in:

Volume 5 Issue 12
December-2018
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIR1812A94

Page Number

693-696

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Title

Ecological and Economic Importance of Chironomids (Diptera)

ISSN

2349-5162

Cite This Article

"Ecological and Economic Importance of Chironomids (Diptera)", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no.693-696, December-2018, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812A94.pdf

Abstract

Chironomids are holometabolous insects having egg, larval, pupal and sexual dimorphic adult stages in their life cycle. Egg, larval and pupal stages are aquatic while adults are aerial cum terrestrial. As an abundant and omnipresent group of organism in aquatic bodies, they are major food source for aquatic invertebrates, amphibians, fishes and birds. Larval Chironomids plays as major link between producers and consumers as benthos in aquatic food webs. As benthos they feed on sediment and push carbon and energy to higher trophic level. In other words, we can say that they are acting as earthworms at aquatic shorelines. They also release ammonia, nitrogen and phosphorus in aquatic bodies. Recently their use in aquaculture industry is increased as their larval forms are cultured and utilized as fish food and fish bait. The mouthparts and head capsule deformities indicate pollution of heavy metals and pesticides. Adult Chironomids having short life span have feeble mouthparts, so unable to bite. Sometimes Chironomids swarms causes nuisance and economic loss to the Lake front residents by clogging air conditioners and automobile radiators. Larval hemoglobin and epidermis of adults cause asthma, rhinitis, and conjunctivitis to sensitive peoples. Sometimes they act as pests for field crops including wheat, rice, maize, tomato, potato, lettuce and some horticultural crops.

Key Words

Chironomids, benthos, bioindicator, hemoglobin, polytene chromosome

Cite This Article

"Ecological and Economic Importance of Chironomids (Diptera)", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp693-696, December-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812A94.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1812A94
Registration ID: 194533
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 12 | Year December-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.20458
Page No: 693-696
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Ecological and Economic Importance of Chironomids (Diptera)", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp693-696, December-2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1812A94.pdf




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