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Published in:

Volume 5 Issue 12
December-2018
eISSN: 2349-5162

Unique Identifier

JETIREB06100

Page Number

826-840

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Title

Settling Column Analysis of Surface Water Source-Chhausha River

ISSN

2349-5162

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"Settling Column Analysis of Surface Water Source-Chhausha River", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no.826-840, December 2018, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06100.pdf

Abstract

Surface water sources such as rivers, streams and lakes contain suspended solids which are settable and colloidal in nature. The presence of the suspended solids, increase in the level of turbidity along with presence of few coloring reagents makes the water malicious. These suspended solids make water unacceptable for drinking and industrial use. Therefore, for healthy and pure drinking water, separation of solid particles is required through method of gravity settlement. In the present study, the phenomenon of gravity settling for discrete particles in dilute suspensions i.e. Type-I and Type-II settling are analyzed. Water sample was collected from different locations of River Chhausha in Podhna village, Domehar near Jaypee University of Information Technology. Water samples are subjected to Type-I and Type-II settling using Settling Columns. Iso-removal lines for Type-II settling and plot between mass fractions remaining vs. settling velocity for Type-I are drawn, which helps us about knowing the settling characteristics of water sample collected from different location of the surface water source. Based on the results and data collected through the experiments and literatures from different studies, the design for rectangular tank is carried out. In our university lab, we have only Cylindrical settling column for the analysis. Hence, for future purpose of studies, rectangular sedimentation tank will be much useful because they are least likely to short circuit and easy to construct and use. In circular tanks due to many dead ends, stagnation of water occurs in pipes due to which the designing of the rectangular sedimentation tank for clarification of water is needed. Our designed work is much more accurate in obtaining results and have low maintenance cost. It is economically feasible because determination of pressure and discharges in rectangular sedimentation tank is easier due to less number of valves. The design of rectangular tank is governed by Stoke’s law with the laminar flow velocity. The climate change is all around the world. The environment is degrading and being polluted every day. The amount of impurities were found to be in water sources. Therefore, to clarify quality of water for day to day use, it is necessary for us to study its nature and rectify the causes of pollution. Our study provides the knowledge on quality of water near JUIT. This enhances level of interest in other individual to protect environment and it’s useful to society and world at large.

Key Words

Suspended Solids, Settling, Iso-removal, Stoke’s Law, Sedimentation, Clarification, Total Suspended Solids.

Cite This Article

"Settling Column Analysis of Surface Water Source-Chhausha River", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp826-840, December 2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06100.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIREB06100
Registration ID: 233746
Published In: Volume 5 | Issue 12 | Year December-2018
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 826-840
ISSN Number: 2349-5162

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Cite This Article

"Settling Column Analysis of Surface Water Source-Chhausha River", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.5, Issue 12, page no. pp826-840, December 2018, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIREB06100.pdf




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