UGC Approved Journal no 63975(19)

ISSN: 2349-5162 | ESTD Year : 2014
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Published in:

Volume 4 Issue 3
March-2017
eISSN: 2349-5162

UGC and ISSN approved 7.95 impact factor UGC Approved Journal no 63975

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JETIR1703089


Registration ID:
317233

Page Number

460-467

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Title

Culture Setting of Mappila Muslims in the 17 the and 18th Century

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Abstract

The Mappilas are either the descendants of the Arab traders or of Hindu converts to Islam. The Arab trade with Malabar dates from as early as the fourth century A.D; right from the decline of the Roman Empire. The Arabs came to dominate the Indian Ocean. Malabar became the chief center of their trading activities and by the seventh century, several Arabs had taken permanent residence in some of its ports. The earliest Islamic influences came to Malabar through the Arabs almost immediately after the faith was founded, before the end of the seventh century1. However, the earliest inscriptional evidence for the presence of Muslims in Kerala dates back to the mid-nineth century with Tarisappalli copper plates, in which, details relating to a grant given to Syrian Christians by Sthanu Ravi Varma, the king of Quillon, were recorded. This grant was witnessed by Jews and Muslims 2. Between the nineth and sixteenth centuries, several Muslim settlements developed around important trading ports, particularly Cannanore and Panthalayani Kollam [Quilandy]; and Calicut had considerable Muslim population during this period. Ibin Batutta, the fourteenth century traveller found Muslim settlements in several ports of Kerala. Durate Barbosa who lived in Malabar between 1500 and 1516 observed that the’ Muslims were so rooted in the soil throughout Malabar and they were the fifth part of its people, spread over all its kingdom and provinces.3’ Half a century later, Sheik Zein-ud-din, author of the Tuhfat-ul-Mujahidin, placed the Mappila population at ten percent of the total 4. However, between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Mappila population became predominantly rural. In the absence of a detailed demographic data, it is difficult to map out the actual process of this shift. Increase in conversion, particularly from the lower caste, is a possible explanation. More important, however, was the European dominance in trade during the post 1500 period and consequent decline in the fortunes of the Mappilas. Earlier, they had been participants and collaborators in Arab trade, a large number of them being engaged in procurement of goods, transportation and other incidental jobs.

Key Words

Mappilas- Malabar-Anchai- Jenmy- Kannam Rights- Jenmam Rights- Naduvazhi- Arab Merchants. Ophier Thankam.

Cite This Article

"Culture Setting of Mappila Muslims in the 17 the and 18th Century", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 3, page no.460-467, March-2017, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1703089.pdf

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2349-5162 | Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar

An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator

Cite This Article

"Culture Setting of Mappila Muslims in the 17 the and 18th Century", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 3, page no. pp460-467, March-2017, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1703089.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1703089
Registration ID: 317233
Published In: Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Year March-2017
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 460-467
Country: -, -, India .
Area: Engineering
ISSN Number: 2349-5162
Publisher: IJ Publication


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