UGC Approved Journal no 63975

ISSN: 2349-5162 | ESTD Year : 2014
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English Language Teaching in India: Sociolinguistic Approach


English was introduced in India by the British about four centuries ago as an instrument of trade and commerce. Soon it began to be used as a tool of administration also. As the time passed, it became not only an integral part of the education system but also acquired a significant social role. Today even after 73 years of independence, it continues to be a languages of intellection and communication for meeting the specialized needs of education, business, commerce, law, politics, science and technology. In the absence of any Indian language enjoying the status of a common link language in the country, the social environment strongly supports the use of English. The constitutional provision, about English as an associate official language of India is recognition of the role of English in the country and represents the collective will of the nation. In continuing to accord a place of importance to English, we have accepted a reality and ensured a smooth and worked linguistic contact among our people and between our country and the world outside. It is well-known that English has served as a powerful instrument of thought and communication during the days of struggle for independence and also as an aid to support the upsurge for social and economic growth. After independence the importance of English did not diminish, despite sporadic attempts to decry it as a vestige of the British imperialism Instead, the country responded to the changed situation in a mature way and evolved a correct perspective on the value of English. One can clearly observe that the attitude towards the role of English in our society has now more or less stabilized after the initial turmoil and there are signs of fresh and proper efforts to view it and to use it as a means of serving our national interests. Where one can derive satisfaction from the present attitude towards the place of English in our society, there is no room for complacency so far as teaching is concerned. Even today English Language Teaching (ELT) appears to be in disarray, largely ineffective and irrelevant. In a developing country such as ours where the need of the hour is rapid social and economic growth and where there are too many heavy demands on the exiting meager resources, utmost economy in every sphere of activity is essential. No less important is the time factor. Unfortunately so far as ELT is concerned, there is hardly any conclusive evidence to show that we have been guided, to the extent desirable, by these important considerations. Despite efforts during the last 73 years, ELT is not yet marked by a spirit of dedicated professionalism. Because of several political and socio-economic factors, we find a great diversity in our efforts to teach English at different levels and also a great divergence in the proficiency attained by different groups of learners. Even at the university level the teaching scenario does not present a clear picture of what we are doing and what we propose to do. There is no uniformity of approach of direction. If the purpose is clear, there is confusion about the path on which we should move. Sometimes we know in which direction to move but then the vision of destination is blurred. The study is required to improve the process of learning and teaching English Language in India.

Key Words

Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Multilingual society, Pluralistic society, Communicative Skill

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"English Language Teaching in India: Sociolinguistic Approach", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (, ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 4, page no.449-459, April-2017, Available :


2349-5162 | Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar

An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator

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"English Language Teaching in India: Sociolinguistic Approach", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research ( | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 4, page no. pp449-459, April-2017, Available at :

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1704094
Registration ID: 227321
Published In: Volume 4 | Issue 4 | Year April-2017
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 449-459
Country: Sikar, Rajasthan, India .
Area: Arts
ISSN Number: 2349-5162
Publisher: IJ Publication

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