UGC Approved Journal no 63975

ISSN: 2349-5162 | ESTD Year : 2014
Call for Paper
Volume 9 | Issue 8 | August 2022

JETIREXPLORE- Search Thousands of research papers



WhatsApp Contact
Click Here

Published in:

Volume 4 Issue 6
June-2017
eISSN: 2349-5162

UGC and ISSN approved 7.95 impact factor UGC Approved Journal no 63975

7.95 impact factor calculated by Google scholar

Unique Identifier

Published Paper ID:
JETIR1706102


Registration ID:
309908

Page Number

546-554

Share This Article


Jetir RMS

Title

MARTHANDAVARMA-THE ARCHITECT OF MODERN TRAVANCORE

Abstract

The modern history of Travancore started with the reign of Bala Marthandavarma. The princely state of Travancore forming the southern part of the present Kerala State is endowed with favourable geography most suited for the growth and prosperity of the Kingdom. Several major events involving the survival of the kingdom took place here. The modern era in the political history of Travancore is said to have dawned with the epoch-making reign of Bala Marthandavarma, one of the famous Travancore rulers. Marthandavarma was born in 1706 to queen Karthika Thirunal, the Queen of Attingal, and Raghava Varma of Kilimanoor Palace. During the reign of Marthandavarma, the famous Battle of Colachel was took place in 1741 A.D, and the Dutch were completely defeated. Besides decisive military victories, Marthandavarma brought about administrative reforms within the state revenue, budgetary, and public works sectors amongst others. The policy of Marthandavarma was a mercantile policy. The political developments during his period brought Travancore and the English very close. The close friendship and alliance of the Raja of Travancore with the English East India Company made Travancore a strong force in Kerala. After the extension of the territory, Marthandavarma directed his attention to the internal reforms of his kingdom. New roads and inns were opened throughout the state with military outposts. Water transport from Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram to Cochin was implemented under Marthandavarma while he also renovated the Padmanabhapuram Palace and built Krishnapuram Palace, Alappuzha. He paid special attention to improving agriculture in the state. Marthandavarma made a determined bid to consolidate his authority by the use of the Indian Ocean spice trade. Puthan dam, built by him near Padmanabhapuram, provided drinking water to that area. Marthanda Varna was followed by Rama Varma, a weak ruler compared to his predecessor.

Key Words

Travancore - Marthandavarma - Kingdom - Battle of Colachel - political - developments - mercantile policy - authority - Padmanabhapuram - spice trade - agriculture - East India Company - military

Cite This Article

"MARTHANDAVARMA-THE ARCHITECT OF MODERN TRAVANCORE", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 6, page no.546-554, June-2017, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1706102.pdf

ISSN


2349-5162 | Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar

An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator

Cite This Article

"MARTHANDAVARMA-THE ARCHITECT OF MODERN TRAVANCORE", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.4, Issue 6, page no. pp546-554, June-2017, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1706102.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1706102
Registration ID: 309908
Published In: Volume 4 | Issue 6 | Year June-2017
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 546-554
Country: -, -, India .
Area: Engineering
ISSN Number: 2349-5162
Publisher: IJ Publication


Preview This Article


Downlaod

Click here for Article Preview

Download PDF

Downloads

000469

Print This Page

Current Call For Paper

Jetir RMS