UGC Approved Journal no 63975

ISSN: 2349-5162 | ESTD Year : 2014
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Published in:

Volume 6 Issue 6
June-2019
eISSN: 2349-5162

UGC and ISSN approved 7.95 impact factor UGC Approved Journal no 63975

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Published Paper ID:
JETIR1908A84


Registration ID:
227171

Page Number

929-944

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Title

SUBSTAINABLE GROUND WATER RECHARGE AND MITIGATIVE MEASURES FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AROUND RAIPUR CITY, CHHATTISGARH, INDIA

Abstract

Water is an important ingredient for the survival of human beings, animals & plants. Ground water resource has assumed significant controlling role in water demand of surface water Resource. The G.W. utilization in India for Domestic - 4600mcm/yr. Irrigation 143500. Industries 1900 Total 150,000 mcm/yr. Chhattisgarh faces challenges related to its water resources and their management. Unplanned urban development create over abstraction of water resources. The region around Raipur city is mostly covered by hard rock formations where the availability of G.W. is limited. The proper development and management practice is required for sustainable water resources utilization. The geological setup of study area is nearly flat sedimentary rocks of chandi formation. River Kharun and its tributaries are depositing the alluvial flood plains and sandy valley fills which are intensively cultivated. Lateritic uplands and surrounding fallow lands covers 27.87% of the region which acts as recharge zone & yields less ground water, which need proper management like afforestation & contour bunding agriculture practice. Ground water in limestone is controlled by karstification and secondary porosity and high yield wells encountered to the west of Raipur city i.e. at Raipura, Rohinipuram, University and Bhatgaon villages. Small ponds (155 Nos.) and water tanks (72 Nos.) are good source for recharging the ground water in the area and further check dams can be constructed at suitable sites, and these can be developed as a part of artificial recharge system. Raipur city has faced severe water crisis since 1991. The existing water resources, mainly ground water depleted due to which the residents have been facing a lot of problem. In present study five sites have been found suitable to construct check dams in sub basins 3, 7, 10, 12 & 15 to restore the surface water and control the soil erosion & recharge the ground water regime in the catchment area.

Key Words

RECHARGE, KANHAR SOIL, HYDROPOTENTIAL ZONE, W.R. DEVELOPMENT, MITIGATIVE MEASURES, CHANDI FORMATION, RAIPUR CITY.

Cite This Article

"SUBSTAINABLE GROUND WATER RECHARGE AND MITIGATIVE MEASURES FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AROUND RAIPUR CITY, CHHATTISGARH, INDIA", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.6, Issue 6, page no.929-944, June 2019, Available :http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1908A84.pdf

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2349-5162 | Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar

An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 7.95 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator

Cite This Article

"SUBSTAINABLE GROUND WATER RECHARGE AND MITIGATIVE MEASURES FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AROUND RAIPUR CITY, CHHATTISGARH, INDIA", International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (www.jetir.org | UGC and issn Approved), ISSN:2349-5162, Vol.6, Issue 6, page no. pp929-944, June 2019, Available at : http://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1908A84.pdf

Publication Details

Published Paper ID: JETIR1908A84
Registration ID: 227171
Published In: Volume 6 | Issue 6 | Year June-2019
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 929-944
Country: Changorabhata Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India .
Area: Science & Technology
ISSN Number: 2349-5162
Publisher: IJ Publication


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